安装 pip3 install mysqlclient 的时候报错


Collecting mysqlclient
Downloading https://pypi.doubanio.com/packages/ec/fd/83329b9d3e14f7344d1cb31f128e6dbba70c5975c9e57896815dbb1988ad/mysqlclient-1.3.13.tar.gz (90kB)
100% |████████████████████████████████| 92kB 4.1MB/s
Installing collected packages: mysqlclient
Running setup.py install for mysqlclient ... error
Complete output from command /usr/bin/python3.6 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-vzxpixzp/mysqlclient/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-hfv6f_7w-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile:
/usr/lib64/python3.6/distutils/dist.py:261: UserWarning: Unknown distribution option: 'long_description_content_type'
warnings.warn(msg)
running install
running build
running build_py
creating build
creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6
copying _mysql_exceptions.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6
creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
copying MySQLdb/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
copying MySQLdb/compat.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
copying MySQLdb/connections.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
copying MySQLdb/converters.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
copying MySQLdb/cursors.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
copying MySQLdb/release.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
copying MySQLdb/times.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
copying MySQLdb/constants/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
copying MySQLdb/constants/CLIENT.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
copying MySQLdb/constants/CR.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
copying MySQLdb/constants/ER.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
copying MySQLdb/constants/FIELD_TYPE.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
copying MySQLdb/constants/FLAG.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
copying MySQLdb/constants/REFRESH.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
running build_ext
building '_mysql' extension
creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.6
gcc -pthread -Wno-unused-result -Wsign-compare -DDYNAMIC_ANNOTATIONS_ENABLED=1 -DNDEBUG -O2 -g -pipe -Wall -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector-strong --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -grecord-gcc-switches -m64 -mtune=generic -D_GNU_SOURCE -fPIC -fwrapv -fPIC -Dversion_info=(1,3,13,'final',0) -D__version__=1.3.13 -I/www/server/mysql/include -I/usr/include/python3.6m -c _mysql.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.6/_mysql.o -g -DNDEBUG
_mysql.c:37:20: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
#include "Python.h"
^
compilation terminated.
error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1

----------------------------------------
Command "/usr/bin/python3.6 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-vzxpixzp/mysqlclient/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-hfv6f_7w-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile" failed with error code 1 in /tmp/pip-build-vzxpixzp/mysqlclient/
You are using pip version 9.0.1, however version 18.0 is available.
You should consider upgrading via the 'pip install --upgrade pip' command.

 

解决办法

# yum update
# yum install -y https://centos7.iuscommunity.org/ius-release.rpm
# yum install -y python36u python36u-libs python36u-devel python36u-pip
# pip3 install mysqlclient